The skin is exposed to environmental factors such as ultraviolet rays in the sun, pollutants and dirt. If proper care is not taken, these factors over a period to time, can lead to lusterless and prematurely ageing skin. “A routine skin care will go a long way in maintaining the health of the skin. A simple routine skin care would not take more than a few minutes from busy schedule but is sure to pay rich dividends
to the skin,” says Dr. Subodh Sirur, Consultant Dermatologist
It must be remembered that it need not cost a fortune for a routine care of the skin and that expensive skin care and cosmetic products necessarily does not mean that they are good for your skin. “There are three simple steps for a routine skin care- cleanse, tone and moisturise. Cleansing involves the use of a mild cleanser for the removal of the dirt and the pollutants from the surface of the skin while retaining the moisture of the skin. Cleansing done more often than twice a day can cause more harm than good for the skin. Use of a gentle cleanser twice a day would be the key for the regimen to be effective. Frequent cleansing can cause more dryness in persons with dry skin and damage the skin. It may also cause more oiliness in person with oily skin as the glands tend to produce more oily secretion,” says Dr Subodh
Toning of the skin is the next essential step. Toning tightens the pores and makes your skin look fresh. Once you are done with the toning, the next essential step is to moisturize the skin. The choice of a moisturiser would depend upon the type of your skin. Not all will have normal skin type. Some people have dry skin and some others have oily skin. There will be a few who would have a sensitive skin. “For those with oily skin, a moisturiser should be oil free and water based whereas for a dry skin a cream-based moisturiser containing oil and water ingredients would be useful. Those with sensitive skin should look for skin products that do not contain chemicals such as paraben and fragrances as they can irritate the skin,” shares Dr Subodh.
The ultraviolet radiation in the sun rays can damage the skin and cause early ageing and in some skin cancers. Therefore, it is essential to have protection from the harmful effects of the ultraviolet radiation. While it is not possible for all men to avoid going out in the sun from 10 am to 3 pm, other measures for protection from the ultraviolet radiation is necessary such as use of umbrella and wide brim hats. Use of sunscreen is also an important component of routine skin care. This is especially for those whose occupation and or hobbies involves being out in the sun. It is necessary to apply a liberal but uniform amount of a sunscreen on sun exposed areas of the skin about 15 minutes before going out in the sun.
Sweating can cause the sunscreen to be washed away and hence has to be repeated after every 2 hours or so. A sunscreen having Sun Protection Factor (SPF) above 15 will suffice for an Indian skin. The key is correct application of the sunscreen.